Glossary of Terms

ADL - Activities of Daily Living, which include self care skills such as eating, bathing, toileting, hobbies and other vocational skills.

Ambulation - Getting from place to place by walking. An assistive device may be necessary.

Aphasia - Inability to express yourself properly through speech or the loss of verbal comprehension.

Dysphagia - Inability to swallow or difficulty with swallowing.

Dysarthria - Difficulty with muscles responsible for producing understandable speech.

Apraxia - Inability to start and carry out certain purposeful movements (when a muscle group will not do what our minds tell it).

Gait Belt - A belt worn around your waist and used by the staff to ensure your safety during transfers or walking (gait) activities.

AFO - Ankle Foot Orthosis (plastic brace) to support foot and ankle.

Assistive Device - A walker, cane or crutch. Any device that helps you walk or maintain your balance.

Transfer - Moving from one place to another without walking.

Mobility - Ability to move your body from place to place in bed, in your wheelchair or while walking.

O.T. - Occupational Therapy (See the description under Your Rehab Team)

P.T. - Physical Therapy (See the description under Your Rehab Team)

Rehab - Short for rehabilitation, which is the treatment and training of the patient so that he/she may attain maximum potential for normal living; physically, psychologically, socially and vocally.

ROM - Range of Motion, which is moving a joint through the fullest available range.

Cognition - An individual's process of thinking (including attention, problem solving, perception, judgement and memory).

Perception - The process of taking in information from your surroundings through your senses and then translating this information into something meaningful.