Open Accessibility Menu

How to Prevent and Treat UTIs

How to Prevent and Treat UTIs

Do you have pain or burning when you urinate? If so, you may have a urinary tract infection (UTI). 

What is a UTI? 

Bladder infections are the most common type of UTI. They happen when bacteria from the skin or rectum gets into the urinary tract. Along with discomfort, cramps and frequent urination, you may have pink urine, caused by blood from the infection. 

Prompt treatment is important. If the infection spreads, it can cause a kidney infection, which is much more serious. Fever, back pain, nausea or vomiting are common symptoms of a kidney infection. 

Anyone can get a UTI, but they are more common in women. The urethra, which controls urine flow, is shorter in women than in men. It's also closer to the rectum, where the bacteria that cause these infections are. Many women will get a bladder infection (also called cystitis) at some point in their lives. 


Here are ways to reduce your chances of getting a UTI: 

  • Urinate after sexual activity. 
  • Drink plenty of fluids daily. 
  • Take showers more frequently than baths. 
  • Avoid or minimize the use of powders or other products on the genital area. 


Talk to your health care provider as soon as you suspect you have a UTI. You may receive a prescription for antibiotics. Be sure to take all the prescribed doses, even if you feel better. Also, drink plenty of water and fluids. Your doctor can recommend medicine for reducing pain and discomfort. 

If you think you have a UTI, contact your primary care provider. If you don't have a provider, you can find one by visiting 

Sources: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases